Gum disease, is a bacterial infection that affects gums and surrounding tissue. It is the major cause of tooth loss in 70% of adult. It is affecting nearly 80% of people at some point in their life.
Gum disease are caused by the formation of plague on the teeth. The plague is a colorless bacterial film that constantly forms on the teeth. Through brushing of teeth tend to remove the plague.
However, if not removed in time it turns into a harder black substance called tartar. This tartar settles on the gum line and causes inflammation of the gum and eventually root of the tooth. As these supporting structures weaken the teeth loosens causing sever pain before falling off or might at times require extraction.